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UK Economic and Social Research Council

Mapping the Gulag
Russia's prison system from the 1930s to the present

About this Website

The Mapping the Gulag ( website, contents and copyright in the material are the property of Prof. J. Pallot, School of Geography and the Environment, University of Oxford, OX1 3QY, UK.

Unless expressly stated otherwise, opinions given on this Website are those of the individuals making them, and not those of the School of Geography and the Environment or the University of Oxford, and neither the School or the University are responsible for such opinions or any claims resulting from them. This website is not responsible for, nor endorses, the content of any websites or resources which may be linked to from this website.

If you have any comments or suggestions about this website, please contact

Privacy Policy

This policy outlines what personal information may be gathered when you visit this website and how this information will be used, as well as some of the steps we take to safeguard information. We hope this will help you to make an informed decision about using this website.

What information is collected?

Logged information

This website automatically logs certain information about the requests made of it. This information is used for system administration, for bug tracking, and for producing usage statistics. The logged information may be kept indefinitely. Logging of additional data may be enabled temporarily from time to time for specific purposes.

In addition, the servers on which the website is hosted keep records of attempts (authorised and unauthorised) to use them for purposes other than access to the website. This data typically includes the date and time of the attempt, the service to which access was attempted, the name or network address of the computer making the connection, and may include details of what was done or was attempted to be done.


This website may use web "cookies". Cookies may be used as part of user authentication (login) processes and to store information needed by other facilities. When you visit some pages on this website, your computer may be issued with a small file (a "cookie") for the purposes of managing and improving the services on the website. Cookies do not contain any personally identifying information and do not store any personal or sensitive information about the client machine or the user. You can set your browser to refuse cookies, or to warn you before accepting them but you may have problems accessing some services. All data gathered from cookies by the profiling system will be stored on our server in a database.

Google Analytics

Please note that this website uses Google Analytics, a web analytics service provided by Google, Inc. ("Google"), to help analyse how this website is used. Google Analytics uses "cookies", which are text files placed on your computer. The information generated by the cookie about your use of this website (including your IP address) will be transmitted to and stored by Google on servers in the United States. Google will use this information for the purpose of evaluating your use of the website, compiling reports on website activity for website operators and providing other services relating to website activity and internet usage. Google may also transfer this information to third parties where required to do so by law, or where such third parties process the information on Google's behalf. Google will not associate your IP address with any other data held by Google. You may refuse the use of cookies by selecting the appropriate settings on your browser, however please note that if you do this you may not be able to use the full functionality of this website. By using this website, you consent to the processing of data about you by Google in the manner and for the purposes set out above. For more information please see Google Analytics.

How the information collected is used

Relevant subsets of logged information (see Information Collected above) may be passed to computer security teams as part of investigations of computer misuse involving this website. Data may be passed to the administrators of other computer systems to enable investigation of problems accessing this website or problems with the system configuration. Otherwise the logged information is not passed to any third party except if required by law.

Summary statistics are extracted from the logged data and some of these statistics may be made publicly available, but those that are do not include information from which individuals could be identified. Demographical and statistical information about user behaviour may also be extracted and used to analyse the popularity and effectiveness of this websites. Any disclosure of this information will be in aggregate form and will not identify individual users.

Information retention

'Mapping the Gulag' recognises the importance of the information it provides online not only for its current needs but also potentially for longer-term accountability, evidential and historical purposes. As such, 'Mapping the Gulag' attempts to determine the relative importance of information included on its websites in order to allocate retention periods commensurate with its perceived value.

Access to personal data

This website conforms to UK policies on data protection and freedom of information in line with the Data Protection Act 1998 and the Freedom of Information Act 2000 respectively. More information on the University of Oxford's Data Protection Policy and the University of Oxford's Freedom of Information Policy are available from the University's website. The initial point of contact for access requests is Prof. Judith Pallot.

Web Accessibility

This website is committed to providing an accessible web presence that gives members of the public full access to the information offered publicly through this website.

Web Accessibility Statement

Standards Compliance

This website meets the checkpoints of the W3C Web Accessibility Initiative's (WAI) Web Content Accessibility Guidelines 1.0 (WCAG) to Level-A standards, as well as Level-AA and Level-AAA where possible.

This website uses structured semantic XHTML 1.0 Strict markup code, which validates using the W3C MarkUp Validation Service. The website uses Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) stylesheets, which can be read by CSS compliant and non-compliant browsers, for presentation and these similarly validate using the W3C CSS Validation Service. We are commited to using web standards where possible, and the avoidance of browser specific hacks (what ever technology you use to view our website, you should be given exactly the same information). Our stylesheets deliberately use relative sizes where possible to allow the the reader maximum control over the website's presentation.

We are continually reviewing, assessing and improving our methods of providing of online information and have tested this website on a variety of major browsers and plaforms. If you use assistive technology and the format of any material on this website interferes with your ability to access the information, please contact Prof. Judith Pallot.